CIVIL WAR SITES

ALLATOONA PASS BATTLEFIELD, Cartersville, Ga.: One of the bloodest battles of the Civil War and the inspiration for the song "Hold the Fort," the Battle of Allatoona Pass was fought on October 5, 1864. Two original earthen forts and trench works remain, making it one of the most pristine battlefields in the nation. Monuments commemorate both armies. Hike trails with interpretive markers. Tour the site and walk through the pass thar was once divided sworn enemies and serves not only as a sentinel to history, but also as a symbol where both sides, who were once sworn enemies, now remember their rich history as one nation. Battlefield open year-round, 9am.-5pm., located; Old Allatoona Rd. Cartersville, Ga. 30120 Info: www.gastateparks.org/redtopmountain or 770-975-0055 

   Allatoona Pass Battlefield

ALTA VISTA CEMETERY & LONGSTREET GRAVESITE, Gainesville Ga.; Alta Vista Cemetery's history began in 1872, when the city of Gainesville purchased 9.25 acres from Allen D. Candler. It is the final resting place of two former Georgia governors, three Revolutionary War soldiers, a NASA astronaut, two U.S. Congressmen, two famous song writers, two men Georgia counties were named after, the Poultry Pioneer Jesse Jewell, a circus performer, a bridge builder, 158 Civil War veterans, an inventor, and numerous other interesting people. However, the most visited grave is that of Lt. General James L. Longstreet (1821-1904). Lt. General Longstreet made his last home in Gainesville after President Ulysses Grant appointed him to a variety of civil jobs, including that of superintendent of revenue and postmaster of Gainesville. Longstreet was one of Lee's finest commanders and was often referred to as "My Old Warhorse" by Lee. Location: 521 Jones St. 1080 Jesse Jewell Pkwy. Gainesville Ga. 30501
Info: www.gainesville.org/attractions/alta-vista-cemetery or 770-531-2664  

Alta Vista Cemetery

ANDERSONVILLE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE, Andersonville Ga.; Andersonville National Historic Site began as a stockade built about 18 months before the end of the Civil War to hold Union Army prisoners captured by Confederate soldiers. Located deep behind Confederate lines, the 26.5 acre Camp Sumter (named for the south Georgia county it occupied) was designed for a maximum of 10,000 prisoners. At its most crowded, it held more than 32,000 men, many of them wounded and starving, in horriffic conditions with rampant disease, contaminated water, and only minimal shelter from the blazing sun and the chilling winter rain. In the prison's 14 months of existence, some 45,000 Union prisoners arrived here; of those 12,920 died and were buried in a cemetery created just outside the prison walls. The cemetery site serving Camp Sumter was established as Andersonville National Cemetery on July 26, 1865. By 1886, the cemetery held the remains of more than 13,800 Union soldiers whose bodies had been retieved after there deaths in hospitals, battles, or prison camps throughout the region. Andersonville National Cemetery has been used continuously since its founding and currently averages over 150 burials a year. Info: www.nps.gov/ande

     Andersonville National
               Historic Site

Andersonville Village

VILLAGE OF ANDERSONVILLE, Andersonville Ga.: Visit the Village of Andersonville and step back in time. The Drummer Boy Civil War Museum on the main street is a must-see collection of authentic uniforms (both Union and Confederate), revolvers, carbines, and muskets. The Village also boasts a 6-acre Pioneer farm with operating Grist Mill, a 130-year-old log cabin, and many more period buildings in a natural setting. Village Hall and St. James Pennington Church on the main street makes a wonderful backdrop for destination weddings, family reunions or bussiness meetings. The hamlet of Andersonville was known as Anderson Station until the post office was established in November 1855, and the goverment changed the name of the station from "Anderson" to "Andersonville" to avoid confusion with the post office in Anderson, SC. During the Civil War, the Confederate Army established Camp Sumter to house Union prisoners of war, and the town served as a supply depot during the period.
Info: www.andersonvillagegeorgia.info  or 229-924-2558

Blunt House

BROWNS MILL BATTLEFIELD

BLUNT HOUSE, Dalton Ga.: The Blunt House is one of the oldest two-story homes built in Dalton. It was the home of Ainsworth Emery Blunt, the first mayor and postmaster of Dalton. He was also one of the founders of the First Presbyterian Church in Dalton and was a very influential and prominent man among the Southern society. The Federal-style house was completed in 1848,in 1864 the Blunt family moved to Illinois, and the house was used as a hospital by the Union Army. At one time, it was also occupied by the Confederate Army, led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Except for during the war, the Blunt family occupied the house from its construction until the 1978 death of Mr. Blunt's granddaughter. Each room has original furnishings used by the family. Visitors can view vintage clothing and accessories, first edition books, antique toys and tools, family linens, antique kitchenware and many more items on display. Location: 506 S. Thorton Ave. Dalton Ga. 30720
Info: www.whitfield-murrayhistoricalsociety.org or 706-278-0217   
BROWN'S MILL BATTLEFIELD HISTORIC SITE, Newnan Ga.: The Battle of Brown's Mill was fought July 30, 1864, in Coweta County, during the Atlanta Campaign. Edward M. McCook's Union Cavalry, on a daring raid to sever communications and supply lines in south-central Georgia, was defeated near Newnan by Confederate forces under Joseph Wheeler. Brown's Mill changed the course of the Atlanta Campaign, forcing Sherman to abandon his efforts to use cavalry to cut Atlanta's railroads and compelling him to begin a lengthy siege of Atlanta. Location: 155 Millard Farmer Rd. Newnan, Ga. 30263 Info: www.brownsmillbattlefield.org or 770-254-2627  

CHICKAMAUGA GEORGIA

CITY OF CHICKAMAUGA, Chickamauga Ga.: Located on the southern outskirts of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, the nation's oldest and largest military park, Chickamauga is home to the Gordon-Lee Mansion, Lee and Gordon's Mills and the Veterans of All Wars Museum. Known as the "Gettysburg of the South," Chickamauga is steeped in a rich Civil War heritage, even naming its streets after the generals who led in this poignant war. Each September the city's "War Between the States Days" festival commemorates the reconciliation of the Confederate and Union veterans who came together in memory of those who lost their lives at the Battle of Chickamauga, resulting in the designation of the national military park. Info: www.cityofchickamaugageorgia.org or 706-375-4728

CHICKAMAUGA & CHATTANOOGA
       NATIONAL MILITARY PARK

CHICKAMAUGA & CHATTANOOGA NATIONAL MILITARY PARK, Fort Oglethorpe Ga.: In 1892, Congress authorized the purchase of 5,200 acres of land in northwest Georgia that makes up the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. This was the first major Civil War battlefield set aside as a memorial to the soldiers who fought there. The park was officially dedicated in 1895 by veterans from both north and south. The visitors center offers interpretive exhibits, a book store, and a multi-media program that gives detailed information about the battle. An artillery display on site illustrates the various types of light field artillery used during the Chickamauga and Chattanooga campaign. The battlefield contains hundreds of monuments, interpretative tablets, wayside exhibits, and hiking and biking trails. Take a self-guided tour of the 5,200-acre battlefield and hear an audio tape tell of the three-day conflict that claimed 34,000 Union and Confederate casualties. Visitor center hours are 8am.-4:45pm. Locatedat 3370 LaFayette Rd. Fort Oglethorpe Ga. 30742 Info: www.nps.gov/chch or 706-866-9241  

      CONFEDERATE CEMETERY
                      RESACA

             BATTLE OF RESACA

RESACA, GEORGIA: Resaca is a small town in northern Gordon County known for the Battle of Resaca that was fought during the Civil War. A battle reenactment is held each year the third weekend in May. It is also home to Georgia's first Confederate Cemetery, the burial place of over 450 confederate soldiers; Fort Wayne Civil War Historic Site; an Atlanta Campaign Marker; and Faith Baptist Camp.
Info: www.exploregordoncounty.com or 706-625-3200
CONFEDERATE CEMETERY-RESACA: In May 1864, the Civil War battles raged in the community of Resaca. Hundreds of Confederate and Union soldiers died during the battles. Col. John F. Green was forced to take his family and flee his home in Resaca. Returning back to their land, they found the dead Confederate soldiers still lying on the battlefield area where they fell of buried in shallow graves around their home. Col. Green's daughter's Mary and Pyatt were upset by the sight and decided to collect the bodies and give them proper graves. Their father gave them two and half acres of land to use as a cemetery. They and their African-American cook and maid dug graves and began re-interring the dead soldiers in the Confederate cemetery. Mary Green started the Resaca project without any money in July 1866, finished it in the end of October and all debts were paid by the end of December1866. Mary Green died on January 2, 1927, and is buried with her parents in Historic Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta.
Located at: Confederate Cemetery Road, Resaca Ga. Info: www.resacabattlefield.org or 706-625-3200

       FORT PULASKI NATIONAL
                 MONUMENT

FORT McALLISTER STATE PARK

FORT McALLISTER STATE PARK: Richmond Hill Ga.,  Located south of Savannah on the banks of the Ogeechee River, this scenic park showcases the best-preserved earthwork fortification of the Confederacy. The earthworks were attacked seven times by Union ironclads but did not fall until 1864, ending Gen. William T. Shuerman's "March to the Sea." Visitors can explore the grounds with cannons, a furnace, bombproof, barracks, palisades and more, while a Civil War museum cintains artifacts, a video and gift shop. Located at: 3894 Fort McAllister Rd. Richmond Hill, Ga. 31324
Info: www.georgiastateparks.org/fortmcallister  
FORT PULASKI NATIONAL MONUMENT,: Savannah, Ga.: Fort Pulaski National Monument offers visitors and guests daily interpretive programs including guided tours, fort orientations, and historic weapons demonstrations. Name after Casmir Pulaski who lost his life in the unsuccessful siege of Savannah in 1779, Fort Pulaski was built between 1829 and 1847 on Cockspur Island to guard the sea-approach to Savannah. During the Civil War, occupied by Confederate troops in 1861, the fort fell to Union forces in April 1862 where for the first time rifled cannon were used in warfare. Located at US. Hwy 80 E., Savannah Ga. 31401 Info: www.nps.gov/fopu or 912-786-5787  

    FORT WAYNE HISTORIC SITE

   HISTORIC OAKLAND CEMETERY

FORT WAYNE HISTORIC SITE, Resaca Ga., Fort Wayne Historic Site is 65 acres and contains two well-preserved fortified areas used by both Confederate and Union forces during and after the Civil War. For most of the Civil War, Fort Wayne was used as a staging area for Confederate reinforcements that were being sent north by rail transport. The original parade grounds and entrenchments are still in place today. Later, the Confederates placed a light artillery battery on a dominent hill overlooking the Oostanaula River. This battery was used extensively during the Battle of Resaca during May 1864. These entrenchments were the last known constructed by the Georgia Militia in the entire state-the others being destroyed by developement. After the Battle of Resaca, Union forces used the hill to garrison the bridge that crosses the Oostanaula River at Resaca. Union forces constructed a larger and seperate fortification in the form of a redoubt that remains in excellent condition today. Located at 117 Taylor Ridge Rd., Resaca Ga. 30735 Info: www.exploregordoncounty.com or 706-625-3200   
HISTORIC OAKLAND CEMETERY, Atlanta Ga. Oakland Cemetary is a 48-acre park and historic site in southeast Atlanta that contains the city's oldest extant burial grounds. Among the 70,000 enterred at Oakland are the unmarked graves of paupers, Civil War soldiers, a Jewish section, an African-American section, 27 former Atlanta mayors, six former governors, and prominent Atlantans, including "Gone With The Wind" author Margaret Mtchell Marsh and golf great Bobby Jones. Oakland is more than an outstanding example of a Victorian garden cemetery. It is also a magnificent sculpture gallery, botanical garden, public park, and picturesque setting for quiet reflection. Located at 248 Oakland Ave. SE, Atlanta Ga. 30312
Info: www.oaklandcemetery.com or 404-688-2107

   JARRELL PLANTATION STATE
              HISTORIC SITE

HISTORIC WESTERN & ATLANTIC TUNNEL & MUSEUM, Tunnel Hill, Ga. Walk through 1,477 feet of railroad and Civil War history at the Western and Atlantic Tunnel, completed in 1850. It was the first major railroad tunnel in the south, the final link in the first railroad tunnel through the Appalachian Mountains, and witness to the 1862 Great Locomotive Chase. Take a guided tour, see original drill marks made during the making of the tunnel, and see where the Civil War's Great Locomotive Chase came through in 1862. Your tour includes the Tunnel, Visitor center and museum, and the 1848 Clisby Austin House that served as General Sherman's headquarters May 7-13, 1864. Also there is a re-enactment of The Battle of Tunnel Hill every year in September, the weekend after Labor Day. Located at 215 Clisby Austin Rd. Tunnel Hill, Ga. 30755
Info: www.tunnelhillheritagecenter.com or 706-876-1571  

 HISTORIC WESTERN & ATLANTIC
             TUNNEL & MUSEUM

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